Elsa Schiaparelli was a groundbreaking designer whose avant-garde creations were characterized by innovative and artistic themes and embraced surrealism and eccentricity. Visible zippers, whimsical novelty buttons, and bold costume jewelry became signature elements of her designs. Her "shocking pink" is legendary. Schiaparelli's collaborations with renowned artists, most notably Salvador Dalí, solidified her status as a pioneer in the marriage of fashion and art. Her collaborations with Dalí resulted in iconic pieces such as the "Lobster Dress" and the "Shoe Hat," which exemplified the surreal and imaginative nature of her work. Although Schiaparelli enjoyed great success and influence in the 1930s, she faced financial difficulties after the war. In 1951, she decided to discontinue her couture business and finally closed her heavily indebted house in December 1954. In 1957, she founded a company that handled her licensing business.